Stephanophoric type tetradrachm from Lebedos, Ionia by Pyrtanis the magistrate, c. 160-140 BC
This coin shows the head of Athena facing to right, wearing a crested Attic helmet. On the reverse is ΛEBEΔIΩN with an owl standing facing on a club, between two cornucopiae, ΠPYT-ANIΣ below, all within a wreath.
Lebedos was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League and was located on and around the modern Kısık Peninsula in Turkey. According to Pausanias, the town was inhabited by Carians when the Ionian Greeks immigrated there under the guidance of Andræmon, a son of Codrus. Strabo, however, states that it was colonized by Andropompus and that it previously bore the name of Artis in Lydia. Lebedos became a flourishing city thanks to its commerce, and was famous for its mineral springs. But it was one of the smaller cities of the Ionian League, handicapped by the limited space of its hinterland and a comparatively unsuitable port.
In the Hellenistic age, around 304 BC, Antigonus I Monophthalmus tried to join the city with Teos; however, this operation was incomplete and eventually annulled by Lysimachus, who moved its population to Ephesus in 292 BC.
Under Roman rule, it flourished anew, becoming the meeting place of the actors of all Ionia when these were temporarily exiled from Teos, and festivals were celebrated in honour of Dionysus.
Lebedos’ scanty remains are near the modern town of Seferihisar.
*wanders the earth for 700 years in search of someone who can shave just a couple seconds more off a rendition of Ravel’s Toccata*
Elamite Dog Amulet of the goddess Gula, Circa 3rd Millennium BC
In ancient Elam, the significance of the dog was related to the goddess Gula, since they were her sacred animals. As the goddess of healing and patroness of doctors, these gold amuletic dogs may have been thought to have healing powers. Gula’s principle shrine was at the é-u-gi7-ra (“Dog Temple”) at Isin, but she also had temples at Nippur, Borsippa, and Assur. Particularly notable in Isin are more than 30 dog burials discovered below the ramp leading to the temple.
Elam was an ancient civilization centered in the far west and southwest of modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province, as well as a small part of southern Iraq. In classical literature, Elam was more often referred to as Susiana, a name derived from its capital, Susa.